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what was paul's mission

12 December 2020

What could he possibly mean? And it's in that mixed community where fellowship around a common meal and the celebration of the story of Jesus is the center where Paul brings everyone together, but because it's at a meal it also runs headlong into some Jewish sensitivities about what kind of foods you can eat and with whom you can eat. The city of Corinth in about the year 50 would have been the burgeoning capital of a Roman province in the Greek East. When we see Paul's letters, we realize that he's writing a very ordinary kind of prose letter writing style because it's very similar to what we see in all the standard letters of the ancient world. We've often viewed Paul as some sort of handworker. He talks about how they turn from idols to serve a living God so he brings a message of the one Jewish God as part of his preaching. God gave Paul the strength, wisdom, and endurance to carry out the mission Jesus entrusted Paul with. Moreover, Paul thought that the purpose of this revelation was his own appointment to preach among the Gentiles (Galatians 1:16). A kind of monumental city built around the remains of the older Greek city, the center of which was the temple of Apollo with its great monolithic Ionic columns standing up above the rest of the city. ...[H]e does want to deal with theological issues, but Paul isn't writing theological treatises as much as he's giving advice and instruction and encouragement for living. There's Palestinian Judaism, which includes apocalypticism. There [he] has a conversion experience and afterwards comes back to Jerusalem. teachers' guide . Saint Paul is undoubtedly one of the most important figures in the history of the Western world. The difference is that even when a Messiah should go through some sort of death or suffering that the event precipitated by that death should be the coming of the new kingdom.... What we find in Paul, and indeed among most of the early Christians, is a slightly ironic twist of fate that the death of the Messiah doesn't immediately inaugurate the new kingdom, and yet that doesn't seem to diminish their sense of apocalyptic expectation. From about 46 AD to 48 AD (more than 1900 years ago), Paul the evangelist undertook his first mission journey. That is the region bounded by the Eastern coast of Greece and the Western coast of Turkey and the island in-between. Chronology is the study of the sequence of events in an historical text, and the comparison of those events with other known events from other sources. This “messenger of Satan,” perhaps a demonic angel, was sent directly from Satan himself to buffet Paul and to restrict the progress of his ministry. At the same time the situation in Jerusalem itself was becoming a good bit more tense... Paul alludes in a number of his letters to the message that he would have communicated verbally probably in the settings of the forum... and the homes of private individuals in these cities. If you have your Bibles I'd invite you to turn with me to Romans chapter 15 and to the 14 th verse. In fact he gets it mostly from the prophet Isaiah. Barnabas 3. Tradition holds that they were both martyred in Rome in around the year 64. web site copyright 1995-2014 Paul’s group now includes Paul, Silas and Timothy. ...At one point he can write to the Roman Christians, I have filled up the gospel in the East, I have no more room to work here. What does Paul do? Corinth is his base in Southern Greece. So we hear of people like Chloe and Gaeas and Stephanus and a very prominent woman by the name of Phoebe who lives in the port city of Cenchreae. Paul had decided to preach to gentiles apparently out of his own revelatory experience that this was the mission that had been given him by God when God called him to function as a prophet for this new Jesus movement. Saul (Paul) 2. Antioch itself has one of the largest Jewish communities outside of the Jewish homeland in the Roman period. Some place over in, say, Colossae or maybe up toward the interior in Galatia. They agree that it's okay for Paul to convert these gentiles and yet not to force them to be circumcised. Just like we see back in the homeland at this same period. He refuses to eat with them, and Paul blows his stack because he feels that Peter has backed out on a fundamental agreement on what it means for gentiles to convert to followers of Jesus. It's clear that one of the concerns that keep showing up throughout this period of Paul's ministry is when is this kingdom going to arrive. Here are the offices of the city magistrates, and we're standing literally in the shadow of the great temple of Apollo. Hence, Paul’s mission was indeed radical because he had to convince Jews to meet eye to eye with Gentiles. But sinceone of the promise… That is, the followers of the Jesus movement who live there and who seem to be beset with some problems as a result of the famine or other kind of economic distress. The brethren sent them forth on their mission. The major issues in converting to Judaism for a gentile, for a non-Jew, is that one must, if a male, become circumcised, and of course this was a an obvious distinction if one is working out in a Greek gymnasium where everyone was nude to begin with so the physical fact of circumcision was the noticeably distinctive quality to Jewish self-identity in the Greco-Roman world. Only under the Emperor Nero and a little later on would it really take off and grow to become the most important Greek city in the East. tapes, transcripts & events, FRONTLINE is a registered trademark of wgbh educational foundation. Probably around the city of Damascus, and then he moves back to Antioch. This would be the first of Paul's Missionary Journey's. Shortly after his return to Antioch, however, Peter arrives from Jerusalem. So when we hear Paul talking about the message of Jesus Christ and him crucified, we're beginning to get for the first time in the New Testament the language that will become the hallmark of all the later Christian tradition. So expect Paul to be preaching about a Messiah. In Fight Against ISIS, a Lose-Lose Scenario Poses Challenge for West. Paul would not just have upset potentially Roman officials, Paul would have upset local populations dependent on Roman rule for their livelihood and continued peace and security. why did christianity succeed? While all of the cities to which Paul travels in this period are very important to his work, it's probably Ephesus and the areas immediately around Ephesus that will be his most important base of operations. Describe his tone. storytellers . Clearly the message about the coming end time was the part that would have been threatening to a Roman official and would have been threatening to any native population that had vested some authority in Roman officialdom. He writes letters as a mechanism for further instructing them in his understanding of the Christian message. Eastern side of the Aegean in Turkey his base is the major city of Ephesus which precisely at the time that Paul is arriving there is about to become the most important metropolis of all Asia. Longenecker refers to these outsiders as “Agitators” who have no true identity but are out to contradict Paul. People who follow a Messiah or just talk about the Messiah an awful lot and we're not actually sure who coined the term. A special function on behalf of God. There are Greek speaking people and there are Hebrew speaking people. What's going to happen? This journey is described in the Bible's book of Acts, chapters 13 and 14. “The Most Risky … Job Ever.” Reporting on “ISIS in Afghanistan”. What does it mean to call someone the Christ or the Messiah? With thanks to for these notes. Saul was a Pharisee and a murderer who persecuted the church... but a remarkable transformation took place and he became Paul, a significant and influential spiritual leader in the Christian faith. In fact he even says that Peter is the one charged to be the missionary to the Jewish communities. It started when he was back in Antioch. So part of Paul's missionary activity for the rest of his career is raising funds to bring back to Jerusalem. Pages four, five, and six are "The Values that manifest our mission." Traditionally Paul grew up as a Diaspora Jew. Now when Paul gets to the end of his Aegean phase of ministry he seems also to be facing some problems. Paul’s Understanding is Robert Plummer’s revised Ph.D. dissertation. Does he have a sense of urgency? Paul’s preaching wasn’t focused on himself, his humor, or his ability entertain. Up until that point Paul has worked predominantly within Diaspora Jewish communities, where he moves out of the Jewish context to deal with gentiles, but after the blow up with Peter, Paul leaves Antioch and probably never returned again. He travels to them on several different occasions. For several years we will see Paul living in and around Ephesus and writing letters back and forth to these other congregations. That is from a Jewish family, [with a] very traditional Jewish upbringing but living not in the homeland but rather in Tarsus, a city in Eastern Turkey. Sometimes perhaps even to go and help start a new congregation. So the ritual of circumcision as a process of conversion to Judaism is one of those major hurdles that people would have thought about from the Greek world background in which Paul was living. The term "Christ" is a title. If the Corinthian community is suffering from too much division and strife he turns it into a letter of instruction on harmony and unity. Paul was Jewish. There are gentiles, and there are Jews. We also shouldn't minimize the level of expectation that was going through their minds at that time because ... with the passing of this first generation, the expectation that all of those coming events must be closer to hand probably was a concern for a lot of people. 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