description of apple12 December 2020
This is ultimately derived from Proto-Indo-European *ab(e)l-, but the precise original meaning and the relationship between both words[clarification needed] is uncertain.  Among other things, the availability of whole genome sequences has provided evidence that the wild ancestor of the cultivated apple most likely is Malus sieversii. While watching a video: Apple TV 4K or Apple TV HD: Swipe down on your remote's Touch surface to reveal the Info panel, then swipe right to the Audio panel. , World production of apples in 2018 was 86 million tonnes, with China producing 46% of the total (table). Apple trees are susceptible to a number of fungal and bacterial diseases and insect pests. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Corrections? )", "A high-density, multi-parental SNP genetic map on apple validates a new mapping approach for outcrossing species", "High-quality de novo assembly of the apple genome and methylome dynamics of early fruit development", "A high-quality apple genome assembly reveals the association of a retrotransposon and red fruit colour", "Genome re-sequencing reveals the history of apple and supports a two-stage model for fruit enlargement", "Efectos ambientales de la colonización española desde el río Maullín al archipiélago de Chiloé, sur de Chile", "Association between apple consumption and physician visits", "ECPGR Malus/Pyrus Working Group Members", "Crops & Gardening – Apples of Antiquity", "Polyploidy: From Evolution to Landscape Plant Improvement", 11th Metropolitan Tree Improvement Alliance (METRIA) Conference held in Gresham, Oregon, August 23–24, 2000, "Dwarf Rootstocks for Apple Trees in the Home Garden", "The Importance of Apple Rootstocks on Tree Growth, Yield, Fruit Quality, Leaf Nutrition, and Photosynthesis with an Emphasis on 'Fuji, An Assessment of Non-Apis Bees as Fruit and Vegetable Crop Pollinators in Southwest Virginia, "Refrigerated storage of perishable foods", "Puff the Magic Preservative: Lasting Crunch, but Less Scent", "Efficacy of tree trunk coating materials in the control of the apple clearwing, Synanthedon myopaeformis", "Nutrition Facts, Apples, raw, with skin [Includes USDA commodity food A343]. Damage is caused to apples by the rosy apple aphid. american, bad, baked, beautiful, best, big, caramelized, cheeked, chopped, cooked, crab Apples provide vitamins A and C, are high in carbohydrates, and are an excellent source of dietary fibre. Apples are ripening on their normal schedule this year. It was the first successful personal computer company and the popularizer of the graphical user interface. The apple isn't just a fruit. [dubious – discuss][verification needed] Some varieties of apples (e.g. The apple flower of most varieties requires cross-pollination for fertilization. If the video you're watching includes audio descriptions, you can find them in the Audio menu. Apples are eaten fresh or cooked in a variety of ways and are frequently used as a pastry filling, apple pie being perhaps the archetypal American dessert. Its most important contributions have included 'Haralson' (which is the most widely cultivated apple in Minnesota), 'Wealthy', 'Honeygold', and 'Honeycrisp'. This reference page can help answer the question what are some adjectives commonly used for describing APPLES. That feature and others -- such as an improved floppy drive design and a low-cost hard drive that made data retrieval faster and more reliable -- helped Apple cultivate a reputation for innovation, which the company still enjoys today. Even in the case when a triploid plant can produce a seed (apples are an example), it occurs infrequently, and seedlings rarely survive. Unusually for domesticated fruits, the wild M. sieversii origin is only slightly smaller than the modern domesticated apple..  However, this first whole genome sequence turned out to contain several errors in part owing to the high degree of heterozygosity in diploid apple which, in combination with an ancient genome duplication, complicated the assembly. It incorporates fitness tracking, health-oriented capabilities, and wireless telecommunication, and integrates with iOS and other Apple products and services.. , Crops ripen at different times of the year according to the cultivar. As a result, in the story of Adam and Eve, the apple became a symbol for knowledge, immortality, temptation, the fall of man into sin, and sin itself. iOS runs on the iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch and Apple TV. Apples can be canned, dried or frozen. Apples were eaten by the earliest Europeans.  The apple as symbol of sexual seduction has been used to imply human sexuality, possibly in an ironic vein. Some can be stored up to a year without significant degradation. An apple is a round fruit with red or green skin and a whitish inside. , Because apples do not breed true when planted as seeds, although cuttings can take root and breed true, and may live for a century, grafting is usually used.  Despite the proverb, there is no evidence that eating an apple daily has any significant health effects. Apple borrowed the name for the circular road around their office buildings from programming, w… Freshly harvested, over-ripe fruits tend to have the highest levels of the protein that causes this reaction. With mature trees, a rigorous spraying regime must be followed to protect against insect pests and possibly to delay spring development, to thin young fruit, and to hold the autumn drop of ripening fruit to a minimum. Fast‑charge testing conducted with drained iPhone units. , Farms with apple orchards open them to the public so consumers can pick their own apples. Individuals with this form of allergy can also develop reactions to other fruits and nuts. , Apple is diploid, though triploid cultivars are not uncommon, has 17 chromosomes and an estimated genome size of approximately 650 Mb. , The proverb, "An apple a day keeps the doctor away", addressing the supposed health benefits of the fruit, has been traced to 19th-century Wales, where the original phrase was "Eat an apple on going to bed, and you'll keep the doctor from earning his bread". About one-fifth is used for vinegar, juice, jelly, and apple butter. See the fact file for more information apples or download our comprehensive worksheet pack. Description Apple Inc. designs, manufactures, and markets smartphones, personal computers, tablets, wearables, and accessories worldwide. Three goddesses claimed the apple: Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite. Worldwide production of apples in 2018 was 86 million tonnes, with China accounting for nearly half of the total.. The larynx in the human throat has been called the "Adam's apple" because of a notion that it was caused by the forbidden fruit remaining in the throat of Adam. Apple varieties Alphabetical Chart - which apple to pick and why! Some consumers, especially those in Japan, prefer a larger apple, while apples below 5.5 cm (2 1⁄4 in) are generally used for making juice and have little fresh market value. , This article is about the fruit and tree. It took all three apples and all of his speed, but Hippomenes was finally successful, winning the race and Atalanta's hand. Apples can also form bud sports (mutations on a single branch). iOS is best known for serving as the underlying software that allows iPhone users to interact with their phones using gestures such as swiping, tapping and pinching.  In retaliation, she tossed a golden apple inscribed Καλλίστη (Kalliste, sometimes transliterated Kallisti, "For the most beautiful one"), into the wedding party.  Canned or frozen apples are eventually baked into pies or other cooked dishes. As the wave of settlement moved across North America, it was accompanied by the distribution of seedling apple varieties, perhaps by Indians and trappers, certainly by itinerants who became local legendary figures, the most prominent being Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman), a professional nurseryman who planted apple trees extensively in Ohio and Indiana. All parts of the fruit, including the skin, except for the seeds, are suitable for human consumption. This is because seedling apples are an example of "extreme heterozygotes", in that rather than inheriting genes from their parents to create a new apple with parental characteristics, they are instead significantly different from their parents, perhaps to compete with the many pests. Available for … Improved selections had been made, and varieties were recognized more than 2,000 years ago. It is grown in orchards. The soils in which apple trees grow must be well drained; fertilizers can be used if the yield is not high enough. I throw the apple at you, and if you are willing to love me, take it and share your girlhood with me; but if your thoughts are what I pray they are not, even then take it, and consider how short-lived is beauty. Of the American crop, more than half is normally used as fresh fruit. The apple is a pome (fleshy) fruit, in which the ripened ovary and surrounding tissue both become fleshy and edible. The UK's National Fruit Collection, which is the responsibility of the Department of Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs, includes a collection of over 2,000 cultivars of apple tree in Kent. Apples are an important ingredient in many desserts, such as apple pie, apple crumble, apple crisp and apple cake. The apple is a deciduous tree, generally standing 2 to 4.5 m (6 to 15 ft) tall in cultivation and up to 9 m (30 ft) in the wild. Improved transportation of fresh apples by train and road replaced the necessity for storage. Some differ sufficiently from the parent tree to be considered new cultivars.. Apples are commonly stored in chambers with higher concentrations of carbon dioxide and high air filtration. Apples can be consumed various ways: juice, raw in salads, baked in pies, cooked into sauces and spreads like apple butter, and other baked dishes. It uses a multi-touch interface in which simple gestures operate the device, such as swiping your finger across the screen to move to the next page or pinching your fingers to zoom out. As a Specialist in Los Angeles, Mariana understands the importance of connecting with … An 1845 United States apples nursery catalogue sold 350 of the "best" cultivars, showing the proliferation of new North American cultivars by the early 19th century. 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